Dongguan lies in the mid-south of Guangdong Province of the People’s Republic of China and in the north east of Pearl River Delta. Guangzhou is 50 kilometers to the north, and Shenzhen is 90 kilometers to the southeast, while Hong Kong is 47 nautical miles to the southeast. Dongguan is ideally positioned at the center of the Guangzhou-Hong Kong economic corridor, making it an important thoroughfare both by land and water. Dongguan is one of the 21 prefecture cities in Guangdong Province.
Dongguan has a subtropical monsoon climate, with abundant sunlight and plentiful amount of rainfall, with yearly average temperature 22.3℃. Dongguan covers a land area of 2,465 square kilometers. Apart from 1.7 million permanent population and nearly 6 million of temporary residents, there are over 700 thousand compatriots in Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan, and over 200 thousand overseas Chinese, making Dongguan a well-known home of overseas Chinese. Dongguan is endowed with abundant agricultural products such as rice, banana, litchi, longan, pineapple, orange, and tangerine. Dongguan is also rich in aquatic products.
White magnolia is the flower of Dongguan, which symbolizes the spirits of traibreaking and strenuousness.
Dongguan has a long history. The archaeological excavation shows that ancient aboriginals had inhabited and flourished in Dongguan since the Neolithic Age 5,000 years ago. The origin of the Dongguan for being a town can be traced back to 1,200 years ago. More than 160 years ago, the well-known Incineration of Opium just before the outbreak of the Opium War took place in Dongguan’s Humen Town, from where a new chapter of China’s modern history is opened.
Since reform and opening-up, with economic development as its center objective, Dongguan has been making full use of its advantages such as favorable geographical location and support from the people to vigorously develop export-oriented industry and develop its economy with science and technology. Dongguan’s national economy has maintained a sustained, rapid and healthy growth, while Dongguan people’s living standard has been improved in a more and more refined society. By carrying out economic globalization strategy, Dongguan does its best to attract foreign capital to develop export-oriented economy.
In 2005, Dongguan’s gross domestic product (GDP) reached RMB 218.2 billion, total industrial product RMB 442.2 billion, total government revenue was up to RMB 33.2 billion. The total volume of import and export calculated through customs of Dongguan reached US ﹩74.37 billion, among which the volume of export was US ﹩40.93 billion, and the foreign capital in actual use reached US ﹩3.52 billion.
In the past more than two decades, Dongguan’s economy has been growing at a rate of 20% year on year. Dongguan has become one of the regions with the fastest economic growth, with manufacturing as its major sector and IT industry its economic mainstay among its foreign-oriented economic system. Investors are from more than 40 countries and areas, including Hong Kong, Taiwan, Japan, South Korea, Singapore, America, Britain, Germany, France, Switzerland, Holland, Finland, Australia, making Dongguan an international manufacturing base and an important export base for foreign trade in China. In recent years, Dongguan has won the titles of “National Excellent Tourism City”, “National Basketball City”, “The Top Ten Most Marvelous City in China”, “The Top Ten Most Vibrant City in China”, “National Model for Creating Civilized City”, “National Clean City”. According to the appraisal of the National Statistics Bureau, all 28 towns of Dongguan ranked among the top 1000 towns all over China, and Dongguan ranked number 12 among all the cities in China for its comprehensive strength, and number 1 among all the prefecture cities.
In recent years, Dongguan has been advocating