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@在莞外国朋友,教你如何区分感冒、流感和新型冠状病毒感染的肺炎
2020-01-30  阅读:2858


@在莞外国朋友,教你如何区分感冒、流感和新型冠状病毒感染的肺炎

 

引言:一个喷嚏、一声咳嗽,是否使你慌乱了呢?近日昼夜温差大,容易着凉感冒,正确区分感冒、流感和肺炎尤其重要。为做到既不草木皆兵,也不延误病情,请收好以下小贴士。

 

问:什么是感冒?

答:一般指人在着凉、劳累等因素引起的以鼻咽部上呼吸道症状为主要表现的疾病。

症状:主要是鼻塞、流涕、打喷嚏,无明显发热,体力、食欲无明显影响,无明显头痛、关节痛、周身不适等症状。感冒的人一般上呼吸道症状很重,但全身表现较轻,一般没有危险。

 

问:什么是流感?

: 由流感病毒感染引起的呼吸道疾病,不仅是上呼吸道问题,还会引起下呼吸道感染,也就是肺炎。流感常在冬春季流行,有甲型流感和乙型流感。

症状:流感病人发病急,症状严重,全身症状多,会发热,可能一两天内体温上升到39度以上,头痛、肌肉乏力、食欲下降等症状明显。对于老人、孩子、胖人士、孕妇或有基础病等人群,流感可致非常严重的重症肺炎,基至导致死亡。

 

问:新型冠状病毒感染的肺炎有何症状?

答:无症状带毒者:感染之后不发病,仅在呼吸道中检测到病毒,所以要求从疫情发生地回来的市民要主动报告,自我隔离。

轻症患者:仅有一点发热、咳嗽、畏寒及身体不适

症患者:早期症状尤其是前三五天为发热咳嗽及逐渐加重的乏力,一周后病情逐渐加重,发展到肺炎,甚至重症肺炎。重症病人会出现呼吸加快、呼吸衰竭、多脏器损害等情况,进一步加重的话可能需呼吸机支持或生命支持系统的支持,可能会导致死亡。典型新型冠状病毒感染的肺炎病例,病情有一个逐步加重的过程。到了第二周,病情往往最为严重。

 

结语:你若安好,便是晴天。请你保重好身体,适当运动、清淡饮食、保障睡眠,祝君安康!

 

 

 

@All expats in DG, here is how to distinguish between cold, flu and pneumonia caused by the novel coronavirus

 

Introduction: Does a sneeze or a cough make you panic? In recent days, people are more likely to catch cold at the result of the great differences in temperature between day and night, so it’s especially important to correctly distinguish between cold, flu and pneumonia caused by the novel coronavirus (2019-nCov). To reduce public anxiety and assist with early diagnosis, this column offers the following tips for your reference.

 

 

Q1: What is a cold?

 

A: Cold generally refers to a disease caused by cold, fatigue and other factors, mainly with respiratory symptoms in nasopharynx.

Symptoms: people with colds often have nasal congestion and runny nose, and are prone to sneeze, without noticeable fever or loss of physical strength or appetite. No headache, joint pain, or general discomfort. People with colds usually have severe upper respiratory symptoms, but general malaise is mild.

 

 

Q2: What is the Influenza (flu)?

 

A: Flu is a respiratory illness caused by influenza viruses, which result in the infection of both upper respiratory tract and lower respiratory tract (also known as pneumonia). It often occurs in winter and spring and could be divided into Influenza Type A and Influenza Type B.

 

Symptoms: people with the flu have very severe symptoms all over the body in a very short time, among which fever (over 39 degrees in a day or two), headaches, muscle fatigue, and loss of appetite are the most common ones. For the elderly, children, overweight people, pregnant women or people with underlying diseases, flu can cause very severe pneumonia, and even death.

 

 

Q3: What are the symptoms of pneumonia caused by 2019-nCov?

 

A: Asymptomatic carriers: They show no symptoms after infection and the virus can only be detected in their respiratory tracts, so people who return whence the epidemic outbreak occurred are required to report to the local health authority and adopt self-isolation.

 

Mild patients: They only have a little fever, cough, chills and physical discomfort.

 

Severe patients: Symptoms in the early phase, especially the first 3-5 days, include fever, cough, and gradual fatigue. One week after the infection, the illness gradually worsens and develops into pneumonia, or even severe pneumonia. Severe patients will suffer from accelerated breathing, respiratory failure, multiple organ damage, etc. If the illness further worsens, they may need the support of ventilator or life support system and even face death. Typical cases of pneumonia infected with 2019-nCov feature gradual aggravation of illness, which is often most severe by the second week.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

風邪、インフルエンザと新型コロナウィルスによる肺炎の違いについて

 

はじめに:くしゃみや咳のひとつで、あなたは慌てましたか。最近、朝晩の温度差が大きくて、風邪が引きやすいため、正確に風邪、インフルエンザと新型肺炎の区別が特に重要です。パニックに陥らず、治療の遅延もしないために、次のヒントをご覧ください。

 

問い:風邪とは?

答え:一般的は体温が冷めることや疲労などで引き起こされた鼻咽頭上部呼吸器症状のことです。

症状は主に鼻詰まり、鼻水、くしゃみであり、発熱、体力と食欲への明らかな影響や頭痛、関節痛、体の不快感などの明らかな症状はありません。風邪を引いた人は一般的に上呼吸器の症状がありますが、体全体の症状が穏やかで、特に危険がありません。

 

問い:インフルエンザとは?

答え:インフルエンザウィルス感染による呼吸器症状で、上気道だけではなく、下気道感染つまり肺炎も引き起こすことがあります。インフルエンザは常に冬から春にかけて流行り出すことが多くて、A型インフルエンザとB型インフルエンザの2種類があります。

症状:インフルエンザに感染された患者は急性発症が多くて、症状が重い、全身の症状が多発です。発熱があり、1日、2日で体温が39度超え、頭痛、筋肉低下や食欲不振などの症状が明らかです。高齢者、子ども、肥満者、妊婦、持病のある人などはインフルエンザに感染されると、重症肺炎を引き起こし、死亡の可能性もあります。

 

問い:新型コロナウィルスによる肺炎の症状については?

答え:

無症状の場合:患者が感染されても発症せず、呼吸器にウィルスの検出のみなので、感染地域から戻った市民に自己申告と自己隔離を要請しています。

軽症の場合:軽い発熱、咳、寒気と体の不調などの症状があります。

重症の場合:発症の早期、特に最初の3日~5日の間は発熱、咳と倦怠感が主な症状で、1週間後は症状が重くなり、肺炎が更に重症肺炎に至ることがあります。重症患者は呼吸加速、呼吸不全、多臓器損傷などの症状が発生し、更に呼吸機器や生命維持の必要となり、死亡の可能性もあります。新型コロナウィルスに感染された肺炎患者は病状の加重プロセスがあり、2週目になると最も重くなります。

 

 

 

 

 

감기, 유행성 감기, 신종 코로나 바이러스 폐렴은 어떻게 구별하나요?

 

머리말: 한 번의 재채기, 한 번의 기침으로 당황하셨나요? 최근 큰 일교차로 감기에 걸리기 쉽습니다. 감기와 유행성 감기, 폐렴을 구분하는 것이 특히 중요합니다. 한 번의 재채기로 놀라지 말고, 병의 치료를 지연하여 시기를 놓치지 말아야 합니다. 아래의 팁을 참고해주세요.

 

: 감기는 뭐죠?

답: 일반적으로 한기, 피로등의 요인으로 주로 비인후의 상부 호흡기에 증상이 나타납니다..

증상: 코 막힘, 콧물, 재채기가 주된 증상이며 발열, 체력과 식욕에 영향을 미치지 않고, 두통, 관절통, 몸살등의 증상이 없습니다. 감기 걸린 사람은 보통 상부호흡기 증상은 심하지만 기타 증상이 가볍고 일반적으로 위험하지 않습니다.

 

: 유행성 감기는 뭐죠?

답: 유행성 감기 바이러스 감염으로 인해 호흡기 질환, 상부 호흡기뿐만 아니라 하부 호흡기도 감염되어 폐렴을 일으킬 수 있는 질병을 말합니다. 유행성 감기는 보통 겨울과 봄에 유행하고 갑형과 을형으로 나뉩니다.

증상: 유행성 감기는 발병이 급진적이고 증상이 심각합니다. 전신에 다양한 증상이 있을 수 있으며 발열하고 하루 이틀 안에 체온이 39도이상 올라갈 수도 있습니다. 두통, 기력 및 식욕 감퇴 증상이 있고 노인, 어린이, 비만자, 임산부 혹은 기존 질병이 있는 사람에게 중증 폐렴과 사망까지 야기할 수 있습니다.

 

: 신종 코로나바이러스 폐렴에 감염되면 어떤 증상이 있나요?

답:

무증상 감염자: 감염 후 발병하지 않고, 호흡으로만 바이러스를 검사할 수 있습니다. 그러므로 질병 발생지로부터 돌아온 시민은 스스로 보고 및 격리가 필요합니다.

경증 감염자: 약간의 발열과 기침, 오한을 동반한 몸살

중증 감염자: 이르면 3일~5일안에 발열, 기침이 나타나며 점점 심해집니다. 일주일 후 증세는 더 심해지며, 중증폐렴으로 발전합니다. 중증환자에게는 호흡이 빨라지고 약해지며, 다수의 장기를 손상시키는 등의 상황이 발생합니다. 더 악화된다면 호흡기나 생명유지장치를 필요로 하며 사망에 이를 수 있습니다. 전형적인 신종 코로나바이러스 폐렴의 병례이며, 병세가 점진적으로 악화되는 과정입니다. 2주에 이르면 병세는 가장 심각해집니다.

 

맺음말: 건강한 신체를 지키기 위해, 적당히 운동하고, 자극적인 음식을 피하고, 충분한 수면을 취하세요. 댁내 평안을 기원합니다.